ERIC Number: ED074689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Anticipation of Cognitive Behavior of Mentally Retarded and Normal Children.
Garrett, Candace S.; And Others
The study attempted to determine the relative accuracy with which 290 college students anticipated the responses of a group of 65 educable mentally retarded (EMR) males (11- to 14-years-old) and a group of 66 normal children (10- to 14-years-old). Anticipations were analyzed according to the students' sex, academic major, age, hours in special education courses, and experience with EMR children. Data indicated that all groups of college students anticipated the nonretarded children's responses at a reasonable level of accuracy (mean of 13.2 correct answers out of a possible 24), but that none of the groups correctly anticipated responses of EMR Ss at any level of proficiency (mean of 5.5 correct answers out of 24). However, special education majors, students in special education courses, students who had had experience with EMR children, oldest students, and females were better than their counterparts in anticipating responses of the EMR group. It was found that graduate special education majors did not anticipate more accurately than undergraduate majors, and that students who had taken two or three special education courses anticipated EMR responses as poorly as students with no special education background. Findings were thought to show that students are oversensitized to the differences between EMR and nonretarded children to such an extent that their anticipations of EMR responses are as poor as those of students without special training. (GW)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Cognitive Processes, College Students, Exceptional Child Research, Expectation, Mental Retardation, Mild Mental Retardation
Candace S. Garrett Center for Innovation in Teaching the Handicapped, 2853 East Tenth Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47401
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Indiana Univ., Bloomington. Center for Innovation in Teaching the Handicapped.
Note: Paper presented at American Educational Research Association Meeting (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 25-March 1, 1973)