ERIC Number: ED074527
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Aspects of Learning in Arbitrary and Non-Arbitrary Contexts: Acquisition of Knowledge from Natural-Language Discourse. Final Report.
Frederiksen, Carl H.
This research studied the processes which enable people to acquire semantic information from natural-language discourse. Specific objectives were: (1) to represent semantically the structural meaning of English discourse by a well-defined semantic model; (2) to develop a way of using the semantic representation of a text as a structural model for scoring a subject's acquired knowledge; (3) to develop a process model for discourse comprehension; and (4) to investigate hypotheses about the effects of certain contextual conditions, designed to induce inferences about text content, on knowledge acquired from a text. Written reconstructions of knowledge acquired from a text were used in three experimental contexts: "arbitrary,""problem solving," and an incidental memory condition. Basic data consisted of the relative frequencies of classes of response from a semantic analysis of recall procedures. Results were consistent with a model of comprehension consisting primarily of "generative" rather than purely "interpretive" processes. Sources of individual differences were also studied. Part 2 contains a detailed development of a semantic structural model of English discourse and a technique for measuring semantic information acquired from discourse. (Author/DI)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Comprehensive and Vocational Education Research.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Berkeley. Dept. of Psychology.; California Univ., Berkeley. Inst. of Human Learning.