ERIC Number: ED074526
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb-28
Reference Count: 0
Variations in the Structure and Use of Standard English. Final Report.
Hall, William S.
Equally divided by sex, grade level, and socioeconomic status, 360 subjects were used in two major experiments. Experiment 1 (Sentence Recall) attempted to answer three questions: (1) What are some of the developmental differences between standard and nonstandard speech? (2) To what extent are these differences sex and social class bound? (3) To what extent is the nonstandard variant racially bound? Experiment 2 (Interaction-Communication) investigated the developmental differences in the use of standard and nonstandard English in a situation utilizing stimulus variation. Results revealed that socioeconomic status, race, age, and sex were not equally robust. Sex was found to be the least important variable, while race and age were found to be most important. The recall task showed that blacks performed better than whites in terms of percentages correct when given stimulus sentences in nonstandard dialect, and that whites performed better than blacks when standard dialect was used. It was further found that blacks used standard and nonstandard expressions to the same degree in the language comprehension and production study. No racial differences were found with regard to listening comprehension. For both blacks and whites a positive correlation was found between the number of standard forms repeated correctly and the number of spontaneously produced standard structures. (Author/HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Task Force on Field Initiated Studies.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Univ., NJ.