ERIC Number: ED074520
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Recognition Test of Vocabulary Using Signal-Detection Measures and Some Correlates of Word and Nonword Recognition.
Zimmerman, Joel; And Others
In the first of three experiments, university undergraduates were presented a list of 300 words and 100 nonwords in two sessions. Their confidence that an item was a word was indicated for each item on a six-point scale. This experiment demonstrated the feasibility of creating a recognition test of vocabulary. In Experiment 2, 100 items were chosen to form a subtest, and the subtest was cross validated on a new sample of subjects. The test in Experiments 1 and 2 were scored using signal-detection measures. The primary criterion, SAT (verbal) scores, correlated approximately .60 with the test scores. In Experiment 3 subjects scaled the words and nonwords for four psychological attributes. These were submitted to a stepwise regression analysis with the confidence ratings from Experiment 1 as the dependent variable. It was concluded that associability, frequency, orthography, and pronounceability all may be components of word recognition. However, only frequency was found to be a significant predictor of the confidence of recognition of nonwords. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL.