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ERIC Number: ED074461
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 143
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Context Clues Used by Sixth Grade Readers of Expository and Narrative Discourse.
Williamson, James Earl
The purposes of this study were to determine what context clues are used by sixth grade children as they read narrative and expository materials and to determine if narrative writing offers different clues than expository writing. A further purpose of this study was to develop a classification schema or schemata of context clues for both styles of writing. The subjects for this study were 48 sixth grade students, who scored between 5.0 and 7.0 as measured on the California Test of Basic Skills. A basal reader and a trade book provided the narrative cloze passage; the expository cloze passages were from a science book and a social studies book. Four sample tests of five deletions each and four twenty-deletion cloze tests were developed from the selected passages. A deletion rate of every eleventh word was used for both the sample tests and the longer cloze test. The data indicated that narrative and expository writing have many contextual clues in common. Twenty-four clues were reported as being used by the subjects of this study. Fifteen of the twenty-four reported clues were reported for both the narrative and expository writing and included: (1) noun marker's syntactical position, (2) the recognition of synonyms, (3) the recognition of pronouns, and (4) the syntactical position of the infinitive marker. (Author/WR)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-30,386, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, The University of Arizona