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ERIC Number: ED074413
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Dissonance Reduction Through Shifting Occupational Involvement.
Washburne, Chandler
This article attempts to demonstrate that an individual's occupational goals become adjusted to the position he is in---blocked goals tend to become of less interest and available goals are of increased interest, which tends to decrease dissonance. The author's hypothesis is that middle class occupational status occupants over a period of time shift their involvement in occupational goals, lowering them in high blockage areas and increasing them in low blockage areas to reduce cognitive dissonance. Salaried male employees (104) in various middle-sized industries in Michigan were selected for the sample. Using 25 possible goals areas in middle class occupations, with a scale measuring the amount of perceived blockage and involvement for each area, the study used age and tenure to measure the lengths of time the individual had been exposed to the blockage. General conclusions showed were that the negative relationship between the blockage and involvement factors shows a decided increase with an advance in age and tenure. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A