ERIC Number: ED074353
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Mar-7
Reference Count: 0
Changing Neighborhood and Clique Structure in Two Missouri Communities, 1955-66.
Lionberger, Herbert F.; Yeh, Chii-jeng
A study was conducted of two Missouri communities to investigate neighborhood change between 1956 and 1966 and social cliques as possible emerging replacements for neighborhoods. Ozark, in an economically disadvantaged southern part of the State, has experienced drastic farm changes, from general to dairy farming and later to enterprises more compatible with off-farm employment. The majority of the people have become disassociated from farming as an occupation and many others are marginally committed. In Prairie, most changes were improvements in farming; the majority in the open country are engaged in farming full time. In interviews in 1956 and 1966, farmers were asked questions eliciting the names of specific persons with whom each farmer said he associated most closely, those he regarded as best friends, and those from whom he obtained general information about farming and with whom he exchanged work. Changes were assessed by examining shifts in membership within social cliques and neighborhoods and from one to another and social association and friendship. The shift from neighborhood to clique association did not occur in Prairie, but both social association and farming informational exchange became more diffuse. In Ozark, a shift occurred at the expense of neighborhood membership, but the shift to affiliation with neither a neighborhood nor social clique was even greater. The changes support the view that social clique formation is the product of a differentiation of interest occurring within the society. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Univ., Columbia. Dept. of Rural Sociology.
Note: Paper presented at Rural Sociological Society Meetings (Baton Rouge, Louisiana, August, 1972)