ERIC Number: ED074235
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan
Facts and Fiction About the American Working Woman.
Crowley, Joan E.; And Others
A national survey of personal interviews with 539 working women and 993 working men, was intended to test the reliability of the following stereotypes about American women who work: (1) American women work just for pin money, (2) Women work only for economic reasons, (3) Women are more concerned with the social aspects of their jobs, (4) Women prefer not to take initiative on their jobs, (5) Women are more concerned with "extrinsic" job characteristics, (6) Women are less concerned with challenging work, and (7) Women are less concerned with advancement on their jobs. A review of previous occupational research revealed that sex differences affecting jobs are small in magnitude, with the only consistent difference being that women are more concerned with the social aspects of their jobs. The survey results indicated that about 40 percent of working women were not economically dependent on a male wage earner, that differences in early socialization of boys and girls explain many of the seeming sex differences in work attitudes, and that women show less desire for initiative on the job. Various tables present the data, which rank the importance of job characteristics to working men and women. A related finding was that the average underpayment to women was $3,458 annually as compared with equally qualified male workers. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Inst. for Social Research.