ERIC Number: ED074186
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Culture and Education on the Acquisition of Formal Operational Thinking.
Wozny, Cecilia D.; Cox, David L.
This study was designed to investigate the role of culture and education in the development of formal operational thought, by comparing the results achieved by suburban American youths, American educated youths who were recent migrants, and youths who had been educated in Puerto Rico. It was hypothesized that the suburban youths and Puerto Rican youths would develop formal thought before the American educated Puerto Ricans. Three groups of subjects were selected on the basis of culture and education. Their ages ranged from 12 to 18 years, five males and five females being tested at each age level. Subjects performed four Piagetian tasks: the balance bar, the pendulum the floating objects task, and interpretation of proverbs. Subjects were tested individually and interviews were recorded on tape. Each subject had opportunity to use Spanish if he preferred to do so. When considering the three manipulative tasks together, the ability to give two out of three answers at formal level placed subjects in the formal category. The age at which 60 percent of a group were operating at formal level was considered the age of onset of formal operations for that group. Suburban youths achieved full formal thought by age 12-13. The same level was achieved by age 14-15 for the American educated Puerto Rican group. The Puerto Rican educated group reached this level at age 16-17. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association annual meeting, New Orleans, La., February 1973