ERIC Number: ED074100
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Systems Analysis for Program Planning and Cost Effectiveness. (An Application).
van Gigch, John P.; Hill, Richard E.
This paper describes an effort to implement a cost-effectiveness program using systems analysis in an elementary school district, the Rio Linda Union School District in California. The systems design cycle employed has three phases, policy-making evaluation, and action-implementation. During the first phase, the general philosophy or mission of the organization is described, the goals and objectives are established, their priorities are ordered, and the alternative programs to meet those goals and objectives are generated. During the second phase, the relative worth of the various alternatives is determined, and the objectives' attributes and their measures of effectiveness are established. During the third phase, the programs to be implemented are chosen from among the alternatives, put into effect, evaluated, and the results fed back into the next planning cycle. Problems in communication with teachers and coordinators and in overcoming resentment of the approach are discussed. One of the major successes of these efforts to implement cost-effectiveness and program budgeting in this school district is that the goals and objectives of the education process are defined clearly at all levels. Systematic planning and evaluation of costs and effectiveness also brings about greater dialog among the parties involved and more concern for planning program alternatives. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, February 1973