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ERIC Number: ED073846
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Perception of Racial Cues in Preschool Children.
Katz, Phyllis A.; Zalk, Sue Rosenberg
The prediction that children would have more difficulty learning to differentiate faces of another race than their own, even though objective differences were constant, was tested. A discrimination task, consisting of two schematic drawings of faces cut from varying shades of brown (Caucasian), pink-tan (Negro) and green (control), and a doll choice task, using two black and two white dolls (one of each sex) were administered to 192 integrated nursery schools and public kindergartens. They were equally divided as to age, sex, and race (black or white). The younger group averaged 3 years 11 months and the older group 5 years and 2 months. Each subject was tested individually; half of each group was tested by a white examiner and half by a black examiner. An analysis of variance was carried out on the scores obtained on both tasks. Results showed that the prediction that children would have more difficulty learning to differentiate faces of another race was confirmed with both black and white children. The pattern of the results on both tasks indicated that responses based upon racial cues are already quite complex in three-year-old children. On the discrimination learning task, black children learned more quickly, and the performance of younger children was enhanced when tested by an examiner of another race. When the lighter member of the pair was reinforced in the discrimination learning task, all children learned more easily. The doll choice showed that both black and white preschool children strongly prefer the white dolls. Tables provide the study data. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A