ERIC Number: ED073698
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Office of Telecommunications Policy; The White House Role in Domestic Communication.
Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Network Project.
In 1970, President Nixon created the White House Office of Telecommunications Policy (OTP) and appointed Clay T. Whitehead as its first director. This young office has attained influential power in the broad field of telecommunications and, some say, has jeopardized the independence of the public's communications custodian, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). In a series of powerful steps, the OTP has been able to successfully lobby for several major decisions affecting mass communications in the United States. The OTP forced the FCC to initiate an "open skies" policy on domestic communications satellites that weakened the dichotomy between private and public administrative power, giving private corporations free reign on domestic satellite control. The control structure of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) changed dramatically after a White House initiated funding bill was passed by Congress. The FCC's long abolition of distant signal restrictions for cable television operators in major markets was overturned by the OTP at the behest of large network broadcasters. (MC)
Descriptors: Administrative Agencies, Cable Television, Communications Satellites, Federal Government, Government Role, Information Networks, Mass Media, Policy Formation, Politics, Public Officials, Public Policy, Public Television, Telecommunications
The Network Project, 102 Earl Hall, Columbia University, New York, N.Y. 10027 ($2.00/individuals; $5.00/institution)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Network Project.