ERIC Number: ED073611
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Feb
Reference Count: 0
A Comparison of Conceptual Strategies for Grouping and Remembering Employed by Educable Mentally Retarded and Non-Retarded Children.
Riegel, R. Hunt; Taylor, Arthur M.
The Sampling Organization and Recall Through Strategies (SORTS) test was administered to 87 educable mentally retarded (EMR) children (mean chronological age, 97 months; mean IQ, 70) and 31 nonretarded (NR) second grade children to determine Ss' characteristic grouping responses, the effects of various organizational strategies on recall and mnemonic organization, and the implications of the organizational strategies approach for classroom instruction. Ss' sorting responses were coded according to the following categories: syncretic strategies (level one), perceptual strategies (level two), low associative strategies (level three), and superordinate and categorical strategies (level four). In the third sort of the SORTS test, 13% of the EMR Ss sorted the items into groupings classified as associative or better. By contrast, 55% of the nonretarded sample produced groupings at the same level. Recall scores of the two groups showed the NR sample to have remembered an average of nearly four items more than the EMR sample. EMR children who had grouped associatively showed significant correlations between recall and clustering. A similar significant correlation was not observed for the NR sample. Training activities designed to teach children to seek better relations among stimuli in learning tasks were recommended. (GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.
Note: Research Report Number 46