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ERIC Number: ED073543
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Feb-28
Pages: 31
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Executive Branch Policy Formulation for Education: The Johnson Administration.
Thomas, Norman C.
During the Johnson Administration the Presidency remained centrally involved in the education policy system. The usual flow of demands from the field and the education associations, through Congress and USOE, continued. However, the innovativeness which the President sought could not be obtained, so it was believed, if the bureaucracy remained the primary source of legislative proposals and other policy suggestions. The result was the establishment of a special means of generating new ideas -- the task force. Participants in these task forces became highly critical of USOE and its supportive clientele groups, a view met with some resentment and hostility in those quarters. The major policy innovations occurred in the legislation of 1964 and 1965. However, by the start of the 90th Congress in January 1967, a new equilibrium involving the Presidency, USOE, its clientele groups, and the congressional subcommittees had been established. The dominance of the Presidency in policy formation still existed, but the system lacked resources to sustain additional major policy innovations. Much of the machinery set up in the 1960s has since been dismantled, but the policies and programs that implement them remain largely in effect. USOE and the establishment associations continue to function as integral parts of the educational policy system while the task force reports rest in the L.B.J. Library. (Author/JF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A