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ERIC Number: ED073475
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Syntactic and Lexical Deviations in Children's Written Sentences.
Golub, Lester S.
Compositions based on a picture as stimulus and written by fourth and sixth graders were studied for syntactic and lexical deviations. From the corpus of data, eight interpretations were made: (1) comma fault, sentence sense, and coordinating conjunctions were the most frequent syntactic problems encountered--all could be eliminated by oral proofreading; (2) other syntactic deviations (the apostrophe as possessive marker, the distinction between common and proper nouns, the meanings of determiners, internal sentence punctuation, and subject-verb agreement) were candidates for instruction; (3) on a per-sentence basis high quality themes averaged less than one error, and low themes over three errors; (4) instruction in all of the syntactic deviations could be incorporated into a written language program for the elementary level; (5) lexical deviations were the result of problems of vocabulary development and word selection rather than spelling; (6) of the spelling deviations, many resulted from the omission, addition, or substitution of a single letter; (7) as the density of deviations per word decreased, the quality of writing was judged better by teachers; and (8) lexical deviations were also susceptible to a cognitive learning approach rather than a rote memory approach. (HS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Unpublished paper