ERIC Number: ED073443
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Development of Letter-Sound Generalizations from Second through Sixth Grade. Technical Report.
Venezky, Richard L.; And Others
The purpose of this study was to determine the development of four specific letter-sound patterns from second through sixth grade: invariant consonants, long and short vowels, "c," and"g." A 69-item list was presented to second-, fourth-, and sixth-grade subjects in one of two random orders. Oral responses were tape recorded, transcribed by graduate students trained in phonics, and coded as correct, plausible, or incorrect. Separate analyses of variance were run on each of the four pattern categories. Some of the results indicated that although ability to generalize each of the four patterns increased from second through sixth grade, there were striking differences in the acquisition of the patterns. At the second- and, to a lesser degree, the fourth-grade levels, there was little difference in ability between the best and worst readers to generalize invariant consonant correspondences when the letters occurred in initial position, but large differences were evident for medial and final positions, with the poorer readers showing the least ability. For the "c" patterns, learning of the correct pronunciation for "c" before "e,""i," or "y" occurred slowly and failed to reach 60 percent by sixth grade. For the "c" pronounced as /s/ pattern the correct responses were high at all grades. (Author/WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Research and Development Centers Branch.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Report from the Project on Reading and Related Language Arts Basic Prereading Skills: Identification and Improvement