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ERIC Number: ED073417
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Roles of Pictures and Readability in Comprehension of the Main Idea of a Paragraph.
Koenke, Karl
The purpose of this study was to determine whether statements of the main idea of a paragraph made by elementary school children could be enhanced if a content relevant picture accompanied the paragraph or if simplification of the paragraph was undertaken. One hundred and ninety-two subjects were selected from among the third and sixth grade students attending nine public elementary schools. The subjects were asked to state the main idea of each of three paragraphs either accompanied or not accompanied by content relevant pictures. The various reading conditions were paragraphs alone, paragraphs and pictures with no direction to view the picture, paragraphs and pictures with minimum direction to view the picture, and paragraphs and pictures with maximum direction to view the picture. The three paragraphs developed for each of the three main ideas were four sentences long. The results indicated: (1) the analysis of variance did not reveal significant differences between responses of boys and girls, irrespective of grade, or among the reading conditions; (2) the addition of a content relevant picture to a paragraph with or without direction to use it did not enhance either third or sixth graders' main idea statements; and (3) the simplification of the paragraphs did lead to higher scale ratings for both third and sixth graders. (WR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Assn. (Chicago, February 1968)