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ERIC Number: ED073388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Prior Conditioning to Expectancy Statements on Persistence and Persistence of Attention.
Biddle, Susan S.; Moore, J. William
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of conditioning subjects to believe expectancy statements, and to demonstrate the effects of the conditioning on persistence and persistence of attention. A review of related research on suggestion, on cognitive dissonance, and on conditioning is included. The subjects for the experiment were first graders; the three dimensions of the factorial design were conditioning of expectancy, type of expectancy statement, and ability group. Two dependent measures were used: persistence and persistence of attention. Results show that significant differences were found between the conditioned-to-believe-low-expectancy group and the conditioned-not-to-believe-low-expectancy group on measures of persistence of attention; however, these differences were not in the hypothesized direction, suggesting that conditioning the subjects to an expectancy statement might have had more effect than avoidance of failure. References are included. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at annual American Educational Research Association Convention (New Orleans, Louisiana, February 1973)