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ERIC Number: ED073386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Determining the Effects of Three Counselor Verbal Responses on Client Verbal Behavior.
Barnabei, Fred
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of indiscriminate use of counselor reflection, probe, confrontation, and free style on client behavior and client perceptions of counseling. The experiment was conducted at the University of Tennessee with 20 female volunteers from undergraduate education courses serving as subjects and four male and female graduate students in counseling and guidance acting as experimenters. While subjects were instructed to talk about any topic of their own choosing during the 40 minute counseling interview, the counsel counselors followed timed light cues and changed their verbal styles to include reflection, probe, confrontation, and free style. Results show that the indiscriminate use of counselor behavior does not have reinforcing effects on client verbal behavior; thus, training programs that enable the counselor to assess and evaluate his discriminations and their effects on client behavior need to be developed. Such programs would relate more to empirical evidence of client outcomes than to theoretical orientations and biases. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A