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ERIC Number: ED073376
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Test Anxiety: A State or Trait Concept?
Hedl, John J., Jr.
The purpose of this experiment was to relate two bodies of research on anxiety: test anxiety, or anxiety proneness specific to the testing situation, and trait-state anxiety. The author hypothesized that state anxiety--anxiety not tied to any particular situation but aroused in "any" situation--should be highly related to test anxiety during a testing situation; and, on the other hand, that state anxiety aroused during a situation of minimal evaluative stress, such as a game, should be less closely related to test anxiety. A total of 60 students were tested in both situations: a game involving no explicit evaluative stress and administration of the Slosson Intelligence Test via computer, a situation of some evaluative stress. Measures of state anxiety were obtained before and after each of these situations. The results failed to confirm the hypothesis. Since the initial analysis indicated that test anxiety was not as responsive to situational stress as initially hypothesized, a succeeding analysis was conducted to determine whether test anxiety was more similar to the construct of trait anxiety. The results of this study showed that the test anxiety construct is not as responsive to situational stress as is the state anxiety measure. References are included. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A