ERIC Number: ED073223
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Repeated Measures Effects in Racial Attitudes Measurement.
Horowitz, Joseph L.; And Others
The measurement of racial attitudes in contemporary America is presented with some serious methodological obstacles. In an attempt to eliminate these obstacles, Sedlacek and Brooks developed the Situational Attitude Scale (SAS) to measure the attitudes of whites toward blacks. It includes two Forms, A and B. The effects of the same individual taking one form after the other were not known. The SAS was administered to 164 white freshmen during summer orientation. Eighty received Form A followed by Form B (order 1) and 84 received Form B followed by Form A (Order 2). Results of a repeated measures analysis of variance design indicated that Form, Order, and their interaction were all significant above chance. The Form main effect showed that despite taking both forms, subjects still responded more negatively to Form B. The nature of the Order main effect and interaction indicates that subjects tended to be more negative toward blacks if they took form A first rather than Form B first. The writers interpreted this as indicating that it is harder to fake or withdraw from Form B than it is from Form A after a subject learns how his or her attitudes are being assessed. The writers conclude that it is possible to give an individual both forms of the S.A.S. and successfully measure his attitudes by examining differences between responses to the two forms. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Cultural Study Center.
Identifiers - Location: Maryland