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ERIC Number: ED073084
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Modification of Behavior: Application in Classroom Management.
Ille, Sister Janiece; Bezzi, D. R.
The emphasis of this research report was on modification of classroom behavior. After a brief introduction, the two main learning theories of Gestalt-field psychology and stimulus-response association were investigated. The importance of the individual in modifying his own behavior was stressed in Gestalt-field psychology. The importance of conditioning the individual was focused upon in stimulus-response association. Of classical and instrumental conditioning, the latter was emphasized because of its modification of response through either positive or negative reinforcement. The application of punishment as a negative reinforcement to achieve extinction of patterned behavior was viewed in an unfavorable light. Instead, positive reinforcement schedules were stressed. Some principles to guide the teacher in the execution of these theories were presented. Classroom control was discussed in terms of setting both course of study and classroom goals. The influence of the teacher as a model of behavior was also stressed. It is recommended that total control or domination be avoided. A two-page bibliography was included. (BRB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A