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ERIC Number: ED073040
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 214
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Effects of the Position of Organizers to Facilitate Learning of Structured Anthropology Materials in the Sixth Grade.
Barnes, Buckley Richard
The purpose of the study, part of the research and curriculum development of the Anthropology Curriculum Project, was to compare the facilitative effects of pre- and post-organizers on the learning of structured anthropology materials at the sixth-grade level. Organizers were defined, in this thesis, as written material that serves the function of facilitating the incorporation and retention of subject matter. Ausubel's theory that organizers facilitate learning when presented to students in advance of materials to be learned was the basis for this study. The question posed in the study was whether there are significant differences in learning between groups using materials with pre-organizers and those using materials with post-organizers. A textbook, "Cultural Change in Mexico and the United States," was written with identical learning passages in two formats: one contained organizers at the beginning of the text and each chapter (pre-organizers), the other immediately after each chapter and at the end of the text (post-organizers). The twelve sixth grade classes which served as the experimental population were randomly assigned to two groups for separate treatments. Mean class scores were used as the unit of statistical analysis. The study did not produce evidence supporting the research hypothesis that either pre- or post-organizers facilitate learning of structured anthropology materials at the sixth grade level. A related document is SO 005 663. (Author/SJM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens. Anthropology Curriculum Project.