ERIC Number: ED072860
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-May-1
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Different Head Start Program Approaches on Children of Different Characteristics: Report on Analysis of Data from 1968-1969 National Evaluation. Technical Memorandum.
System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
The first of two reports of a national evaluation of the immediate effects of Project Head Start describes the characteristics of children, families and programs in samples of full-year classes operating in 1968-69. The study identifies changes associated with Head Start participation and the conditions under which these changes were greatest. No control groups were used; comparisons were made within the Head Start sample to see what kinds of classroom experiences "work best" for what kinds of children. Chapters deal with: (1) Head Start and early childhood education; (2) research and evaluation studies of Head Start and other early childhood programs; (3) designs of the three years' evaluations; (4) limitations in the studies; (5) measures for 1968-69 analysis--program and performance variables; (6) the children: entering characteristics; (7) their families entering characteristics; (8) the programs--teachers, classrooms, activities; (9) gains associated with Head Start--cognitive and social-emotional measures and parent attitudes; (10) differences in gains for different types of children; (11) differences in gains associated with different program approaches; (12) relationships between program approaches and performance for different subgroups of children; (13) summary and conclusions; and (14) executive summary. Appendices provide locations and directions of Head Start E & R centers, more information about variables, and frequency distributions on dependent variables. References are provided. (KM)
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Affective Measures, Age Differences, Classroom Observation Techniques, Cognitive Tests, Disadvantaged Youth, Early Childhood Education, Family Characteristics, Federal Programs, Intelligence Quotient, Parent Attitudes, Performance Factors, Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Pretesting, Pretests Posttests, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Research Reports, Sex Differences, Social Development, Socioeconomic Background, Statistical Analysis, Tables (Data), Teacher Background
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Child Development Services Bureau (DHEW/OCD), Washington, DC. Project Head Start.
Authoring Institution: System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence