ERIC Number: ED072854
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Achieving Academic and Social Objectives in Kindergarten through Behavioral Analysis. Research and Development Report, Vol. VI, No. 3.
Ayllon, Teodoro; And Others
Three kindergartens and one prekindergarten, totaling 213 children, participated in a Behavior Modification program during the 1971-72 school year. A research assistant in each location worked directly with the teacher in measuring and evaluating teaching methods and in developing alternative procedures as needed to teach the same skills or behaviors. Overall program evaluation was based upon a modified BRL Checklist given to the four Behavior Modification classes and to two control classes. Experimental analyses were provided for each intervention utliized in the Behavior Modification classes. Results show that teachers can use their time more effectively and efficiently when certain techniques are added to their own methods. In over 25 studies, comparisons between the teacher's usual method and the same procedure combined with specific behavioral techniques suggest that children can be taught more and in a short period of time with these techniques. Academic areas covered included time and position concepts, past tense, left and right discrimination, and colors, in addition to several studies that focus on general classroom management. Data for all groups on the BRL Checklist indicated that only the Behavior Modification kindergartens produced statistically significant changes over the school year. The entire cost of special material and incentives averaged less than $.86 per child for the year. (Author/KM)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Change, Behavior Development, Behavioral Science Research, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching, Evaluation, Fundamental Concepts, Intervention, Kindergarten, Positive Reinforcement, Preschool Education, Pretesting, Pretests Posttests, Research Reports, Social Development, Statistical Analysis, Student Motivation, Tables (Data), Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Visual Perception
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. Center for Applied Behavioral Research.; Atlanta Public Schools, GA.