ERIC Number: ED072621
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Comparative Study of Selected Ethnic Characteristics of Information Sources and Their Influence on the Receiver.
Hull, Gary L.
The major interest of this study was to examine the interaction between selected ethnic cues in the aural and visual channels and the effect they have on student perception of an information source. Some 186 sixth grade students were divided equally along black and white racial lines into two groups and shown a filmstrip on drug abuse. Three identical filmstrips were assembled, using either a black, white, or integrated cast and narrated by either a distinctly black or white voice. Information retention was measured by a multiple choice test while subjective attitudes were measured by a semantic differential scale. Seven statistical hypotheses were generated and analyzed by a 3x2x2 multivariate analysis. Little significant difference was found in the effect of aural or visual cues on retention. However, the visual subjective attitudes showed that whites perceived information from all black casts to be less "expert" than information from all white or integrated casts. The author concluded that the effectiveness of a communication is at least partially determined by the ethnic characteristics of the source or receiver. (MC)
Descriptors: Bias, Black Attitudes, Classroom Communication, Communication Problems, Communication (Thought Transfer), Educational Media, Elementary School Students, Information Sources, Instructional Materials, Media Selection, Racial Attitudes, Racial Factors, Racial Identification, Reliability, Student Attitudes, Whites
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Kent State Univ., OH. Coll. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the Association for Educational Communications and Technology National Convention (Las Vegas, Nevada, April, 1973)