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ERIC Number: ED072478
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Dec
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Task and Instrumentation Variables as Factors Jeopardizing the Validity of Published Group Communication Research, 1970-1971.
Bochner, Arthur P.
The validity and reliability of small group research published between 1970 and 1971 is examined in this paper. In response to the small group research position which gives precedence to theory over method, the author counters that placing measurement in a secondary position increases the danger of accepting claims of experiments which contain excessive error. A representative sampling of eight studies published in "Speech Monographs" between January 1970 and December 1971 were critically examined. The author found (1) that there is considerable agreement about what should be measured, but considerable disagreement about how to measure; (2) that neglect of task stimuli seriously comprised the internal validity of a number of studies; and (3) that accuracy and completeness of reliability was not a crucial factor in manuscript publication. The author argues for more stringent methodological standards in the publication of research and discusses suggestions for appropriate utilizations of tasks and complete and accurate assessment of reliability. (Author/LG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Assn. (58th, Chicago, December 27-30, 1972)