ERIC Number: ED072389
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan-19
Reference Count: 0
Intellectual Competition and the Female Student. Final Report.
Zanna, Mark P.
Recent attention has been focused on the possibility that some women may fear success in competitive achievement situations. The present research suggested that fear of success might be mediated by an anxiety process of a self-presentational process. Experiments were conducted which attempted to distinguish between the two. In addition, studies were conducted to assess (1) the concept of dissimulation, (2) the "real world" effects of fear of success in a competitive academic environment, and (3) the negative consequences which result from being a relatively successful woman. The results indicated that: the performance decrement of high fear of success in women is less robust than previously thought; dissimulation is acknowledged by women in subtle forms and under rather specified conditions; fear of success does affect academic behavior, though nor necessarily academic performance, in the real world for both sexes; and whereas relatively successful women are perceived to possess traditionally masculine traits (e.g., intelligence), these traits are evaluated negatively rather than positively. Implications and future research direction were discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Princeton Univ., NJ.