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ERIC Number: ED072381
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Effects of Behavior Therapy.
Davison, Gerald C.; Taffel, Suzanne J.
This paper provides a brief and selective overview of several areas of behavior therapy, or applied experimental psychology with the usual concern for careful measurement, operationization of terms, and dispassionate examination of ideas which can be experimentally tested. The authors review the method of token reinforcement, with its subsequent problem of maintaining token-induced behavioral changes in nontoken environments. Second, they look at systematic desensitization, concluding that researchers are far from even a reasonable tentative answer to why the procedure works. A third area of research explored is the Masters and Johnson therapy, whose treatment package can be construed as behavior therapy. Finally, aversive therapy--avoidance or aversive "conditioning"--with homosexuals is reviewed, with special emphasis on the work of Feldman and MacCulloch. The authors feel that the very essence of behavior modification is its critical and experimental stance towards the whole area of clinical psychology and psychiatry. References are included. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Psychological Association Meeting, September 2-8, 1972; Honolulu, Hawaii