ERIC Number: ED072373
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Sex Role and Attitudes Toward Institutional Violence Among College Youth: The Impact of Sex-Role Identification, Parental Socialization, and Socio-Cultural Milieu.
Starr, Jerold M.; Cutler, Neal E.
Attitudinal differences between males and females on certain issues have been repeatedly documented through commercial public polls and academic studies. One of these differences is the greater reluctance on the part of females to support the use of institutional violence as an instrument of public policy. This paper empirically explores the components of sex-role identification, parental socialization, and socio-cultural milieu as independent hypotheses using a design which separately measures the effect of these on male-females attitudinal differences toward institutional violence. A systematic analysis of male-female differences in mean attitude scale scores revealed the following: (1) females, as hypothesized, are consistently more opposed to nuclear wars and capital punishment, more pacifistic, and more concerned about world survival; (2) none of the previously hypothesized explanations of sex-role differences alter this pattern. The authors conclude by suggesting alternative conceptual approaches to the investigation of the genesis of male-female differences in attitudes toward institutional violence. (Author/WS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Foreign Policy Research Inst., Philadelphia, PA.; Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting (67th, New Orleans, Louisiana, August 28-31, 1972)