ERIC Number: ED072206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan-31
Reference Count: 0
Motivating Disadvantaged Students to Learn. Appendix B of a Final Report.
Thomas, Hollie B., Jr.
Developed as part of a project designed to provide a synthesis of the literature and practice relating to the career education of disadvantaged students, this review is intended to inform teachers about research and techniques for motivating disadvantaged students. Section I discusses the nature of motivation and describes the basic human needs that motivate individuals, including psychological needs, love needs, safety needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs, and the desire to know and understand. Section II offers an overview of research relating to such basic motivation constructs as self concept, locus of control of reinforcement, aspirations, and self-actualization. Motivating techniques such as the use of rewards and successes, feedback and reinforcement, setting goals, and creative thinking are explored and evaluated in Section III. Some conclusions drawn from this review were: (1) A major portion of the motivation research is directed toward ascertaining the global self-concept of the disadvantaged student; (2) Changing the locus of control of reinforcement from external to internal appears to be a primary objective of career educators; and (3) The development of sub-goals to achieve a long-range aspiration is more effective than are long-range goals. Related publications are available as VT 018 540-VT 018 544 in this issue. (SB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Task Force on Dissemination.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.