ERIC Number: ED072173
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Attitudes in School Children: From Kindergarten Through High School. Final Report.
Morland, J. Kenneth
In the fall of 1971, the Lynchburg, Virginia public schools began the implementation of a plan to eliminate all traces of racial segregation in the school system. All pupils in the ninth and tenth grades in the city were enrolled in one of the two high schools, and those in the eleventh and twelfth were enrolled in the other. Pupils were assigned to junior high and elementary schools in such a way that racial balance would result, and busing was employed to this end. It was not until the fall of 1971 that full integration was instituted. A major objective of the research presented in this report is to describe the racial attitudes of Lynchburg school children just as racial balance in the schools is being instituted. A representative sample was studied in February and March, 1972. Children in kindergarten and primary grades were interviewed with a picture test. Children of ages 12, 14, 16 and 18 years were tested with semantic differential and social distance scales. As age increased, black respondents moved toward a more favorable rating of their race and a less favorable rating of whites. The findings suggested a modification of the normative theory of racial prejudice by supporting the presence of multiple rankings of racial-ethnic groupings, depending on who is doing the ranking. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Black Students, Elementary School Students, Identification (Psychology), Kindergarten Children, Norm Referenced Tests, Racial Attitudes, Racial Balance, Racial Differences, Racial Identification, School Desegregation, Secondary School Students, Semantic Differential, Visual Measures, White Students
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Regional Research Program.
Authoring Institution: Randolph-Macon Woman's Coll., Lynchburg, VA.
Identifiers - Location: Virginia