ERIC Number: ED072147
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Race and Level of Abstraction of Disagreement as Determinants of Evaluation and Behavioral Intentions. Illinois Studies of the Economically Disadvantaged, Technical Report Number 12.
Feldman, Jack M.
This document reports a study conducted to test the hypothesis that the level of abstraction of agreements and disagreements influences evaluations of and behavioral intentions toward other persons with the most abstract the most important. A "level of abstraction" theory, which predicts importance effects, holds that values, norms, roles, and facilities (specific means for reaching goals) form a level of abstraction hierarchy, from most to least important in producing conflict. A second hypothesis was that the race of a stimulus person would be important only in the determination of relatively intimate behavioral intentions. Complex stimulus persons differing in all combinations of race (black-white) and same-opposite values (highly abstract), norms, role beliefs, and facilities beliefs (least abstract) were constructed. Hypothesis one was partially supported; a clear level of abstraction effect was found but facilities beliefs controlled more variance than expected. This operated in addition to a proportion-of-agreement affect. Hypothesis two was not supported; a race main effect was observed only for superordination-subordination scores; in addition, race interacted with values, norms, and roles to determine evaluation scores. Results were discussed in terms of the perception of goal interdependence versus contrience. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Social and Rehabilitation Service (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Dept. of Psychology.