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ERIC Number: ED072117
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Toward an Integration of Theory and Method for Criterion-Referenced Tests.
Hambleton, Ronald K.; Novick, Melvin R.
In this paper, an attempt has been made to synthesize some of the current thinking in the area of criterion-referenced testing as well as to provide the beginning of an integration of theory and method for such testing. Since criterion-referenced testing is viewed from a decision-theoretic point of view, approaches to reliability and validity estimation consistent with this philosophy are suggested. Also, to improve the decision-making accuracy of criterion-referenced tests, a Bayesian procedure for estimating true mastery scores has been proposed. This Bayesian procedure uses information about other members of a student's group (collateral information), but the resulting is still criterion-referenced rather than norm-referenced in that the student is compared to a standard rather than to other students. In theory, the Bayesian procedure increases the "effective length" of the test by improving the reliability, the validity, and more importantly, the decision-making accuracy of the criterion-referenced test scores. (Author)
Publication and Information Services Division, The American College Testing Program, P. O. Box 168, Iowa City, Iowa 52240 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research and Development Div.
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education, Chicago, Illinois 1972