ERIC Number: ED072117
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Toward an Integration of Theory and Method for Criterion-Referenced Tests.
Hambleton, Ronald K.; Novick, Melvin R.
In this paper, an attempt has been made to synthesize some of the current thinking in the area of criterion-referenced testing as well as to provide the beginning of an integration of theory and method for such testing. Since criterion-referenced testing is viewed from a decision-theoretic point of view, approaches to reliability and validity estimation consistent with this philosophy are suggested. Also, to improve the decision-making accuracy of criterion-referenced tests, a Bayesian procedure for estimating true mastery scores has been proposed. This Bayesian procedure uses information about other members of a student's group (collateral information), but the resulting is still criterion-referenced rather than norm-referenced in that the student is compared to a standard rather than to other students. In theory, the Bayesian procedure increases the "effective length" of the test by improving the reliability, the validity, and more importantly, the decision-making accuracy of the criterion-referenced test scores. (Author)
Descriptors: Criterion Referenced Tests, Measurement Instruments, Measurement Techniques, Scaling, Scoring, Scoring Formulas, Test Construction, Test Interpretation, Test Reliability, Test Validity, Testing
Publication and Information Services Division, The American College Testing Program, P. O. Box 168, Iowa City, Iowa 52240 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: American Coll. Testing Program, Iowa City, IA. Research and Development Div.
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Council on Measurement in Education, Chicago, Illinois 1972