ERIC Number: ED072116
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Research 1960-1970 on the Reading Problem in the United States, I.
Diederich, Paul B.
This bulletin summarizes and interprets some of the main findings of "The Reading Problem in the United States," by Abraham Carp, Chapter III of "The Information Base for Reading: A Critical Review of the Information Base for Current Assumptions Regarding the Status of Instruction and Achievement in Reading in the United States," the final report of a study prepared for the U. S. Office of Education (see ED 054 922). The task for Chapter III was to "survey the literature published in the U. S. between 1960 and 1970 to determine the extent of the reading problem in the country, and to identify, analyze, and summarize existing survey and test data which indicate the reading ability of various populations in relation to 'individual and social needs'." But most of the literature available for review compared a defined population's reading ability only with another population. Some research comparing reading ability with the criteria of individual and social need was in preparation, but available data consisted primarily of: (1) data on illiteracy reported by the U. S. Census Bureau; (2) data on presumed functional literacy as indicated by completion of 5, 8, and 12 years of schooling; and (3) grade achievement on nationally normed reading tests. Tables of the data obtained in each of the areas are provided. It was concluded that the data base is insufficient for adequate estimates of the present deficit in functional literacy. Research to find out what pupils need to be taught to keep them reading into adulthood is recommended. A bibliography is provided. (For related documents, see TM 002 357, 385.) (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Tests, Measurement, and Evaluation, Princeton, NJ.; Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.