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ERIC Number: ED071864
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 126
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Comparison of Two Methods of Instruction in Multiplication and Division for Third-Grade Pupils.
Nichols, Edith June
The purpose of this study was to compare instruction in multiplication and division by means of manipulative materials and pupil discovery to instruction using abstract and semi-concrete materials combined with teacher explanation and exposition. The effect of the two methods on pupils' attitude and achievement also was compared. Ten classrooms with a total of 267 third grade pupils were assigned treatment groups by lots. A pretest was given, 15 instruction sessions followed, then immediate and delayed posttests were given. Analysis of covariance was used, and results showed significant differences favoring students taught by pupil discovery with manipulative materials for both arithmetic understanding and favorable attitudes. (Author/DT)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-13,636, M-$4.00, X-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles