ERIC Number: ED071820
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Sociological Correlates of Poverty and Race in a Rural Arkansas Community.
Grinstead, Mary Jo; Scholtz, Sandra
The hypotheses (1) that the predominant characteristics of social life in poverty-level communities are determined by the structural conditions and attitudes which prevail in the larger society, (2) that access to dominant values is severely limited to those poverty groups against whom discrimination is leveled, and (3) that differential discrimination and differential access to dominant society values result in a determinable community profile were tested. To empirically test propositions related to the objective and attitudinal effects of poverty and racial discrimination, scales designed to measure socioeconomic status, participation in community and national-level institutions and activities, job satisfaction potential, attitudes toward deviant behavior, and internal-external control were established. Data pertaining to objective access and attitudes were obtained by administering a 30-minute questionnaire to an adult member of each household (257 respondents) in an agriculturally based community of less than 1,000 population in eastern Arkansas. The findings indicated that the complexities of social life as measured by the scales cannot be viewed simply as a function of the racial dichotomy of the rural South. Although the racial division is an important one, discriminant function analyses showed that commonalities among groups of comparable income levels, educational attainment, and age are often greater than among groups of common racial identity. (HBC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Arkansas Univ., Fayetteville.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas