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ERIC Number: ED071768
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Cognitive Effects on the Child's Internalization of Altruistic Behavior.
Baxter, George W.
Cognitive effects in children's learning of altruistic behavior were tested with an adaptation of Aronfreed's test design and machine. Children in grades 1-4 were presented with a machine with 2 levers. One lever, when pressed, released bubble gum, and the other turned on a light. For two of the three groups the experimenter exclaimed delightedly when the light came on. A story (unrelated to the test experience but involving a similar idea of self-sacrifice) was read to one of the two groups before the test. Following the test, all groups were given an opportunity to give any amount of their bubble gum to a charity box for needy children. For the test experience in grades 2-4, the results in the story group were significantly different from the other groups, but results in the second (non-story) group were not significantly different from the control group. The results for the charity box experience were the same, except that the differences involved grade 1 also. An experiment was conducted to test whether the cognitive treatment would continue to be effective over a five-day period. No significant loss of effectiveness was found. It was concluded that cognitive factors can influence children's altruistic behavior, but in grade 1 only in a familiar situation (the charity box). (A number of pages of the document may reproduce poorly due to marginal legibility.) (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (Atlanta, April, 1972)