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ERIC Number: ED071759
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Another Look at Compensatory Education.
Gladkowski, Gerald James
In considering the apparent failure of the two major compensatory education programs, Project Head Start and Title I, there are so many uncontrolled variables interacting simultaneously that it is virtually impossible to define the specific etiological factors engendering the results obtained. The Federal programs are difficult to evaluate because their goals are broad, they involve millions of children, and they are administered by Federal agencies far away from individual projects. Other problems are created through such variables as program effects or maturation (our lack of knowledge about preschool learning and disadvantaged learners), interactions of various socializing agencies, and technology. Reliability of measurement devices is especially doubtful at the preschool level. Our lack of knowledge in the affective domain is even greater. The major weaknesses of the compensatory evaluation are: (1) lack of comparable groups and control groups; (2) no planned variation in programs; (3) lack of random selection and/or assignment of Ss to treatment and control groups; (4) lack of clear-cut criteria for inclusion in the program; (5) lack of clearly specified objectives; and (6) non-comparable data. Future intervention programs should adhere to the tenets of experimental research. Residential centers are recommended to remove disadvantaged children from impoverished environments in infancy. A bibliography is provided. (KM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I