ERIC Number: ED071749
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Methodological Issues in Naturalistic Observation: Some Problems and Solutions for Field Research. Final Report.
Johnson, Stephen M.; Bolstad, Orin D.
An attempt at defining and describing those factors which most often jeopardize the validity of naturalistic behavioral data is presented. A number of investigations from many laboratories which demonstrate these methodological problems are reviewed. Next, suggestions, implementations, and testing of effectiveness of various solutions to these dilemmas of methodology are steps taken. Research in the paper involves the observation of both "normal" and "deviant" children and families in the home setting. The observation system employed is a modified form of the code devised by Patterson, Ray, Shaw, and Cobb (1969). The observations are made under certain restrictive conditions: (1) All family members must be present in two adjoining rooms; (2) No interactions with the observer are permitted; (3) The television set may not be on; and (4) No visitors or extended telephone calls are permitted. Other later studies are also reviewed in this paper. (CK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presented at the Banff International Conference on Behavior Modification (4th, March 1972)