ERIC Number: ED071247
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Study to Assess the Play Activities and Gesture Output of Hearing Handicapped Pre-school Children. Final Report.
Kretschmer, Richard R., Jr.
The individual play habits and social interaction styles of 71 hearing impaired and 71 normally hearing preschool children were studied. Children were individually placed in a television studio constructed to resemble a nursery school, and videotape cameras were situated to record all activity occurring within the set. Evaluation of the 142 videotapes concerned both activities performed and objects engaged. Results indicated that hearing impaired children were more active, displayed more scanning behaviors using all sensory modalities, displayed more fearful behaviors, and engaged in little actual play. The social interaction study consisted of an evaluation of three triads each of normally hearing and hearing impaired children by means of an interaction rating scale. Researchers found that the hearing impaired groups were less cohesive and produced fewer successful social contacts than the normally hearing children. Gesturing as a communication device was more evident in hearing impaired children than was speech. (Author/GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Cincinnati Speech and Hearing Center, OH.