ERIC Number: ED071233
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Outerdirectedness of Educable Mentally Retarded Boys and Girls. Research Report #21.
Turnure, James; Larsen, Sharon
Forty-two educable mentally retarded children (21 boys, 21 girls) performed an oddity learning task in one of three conditions: experimenter not present, experimenter present and providing relevant cues (RC), and experimenter present and providing irrelevant cues (IC). The experiment was designed to test J. Turnure's outerdirectedness hypothesis which states that nontask orienting behavior by retarded individuals reflects an information seeking strategy rather than vacuous orienting to a salient social stimulus. Data on Ss' learning revealed significant treatment effects only for boys with performance being better in the RC than in the IC condition. Data on glancing behavior confirmed the hypothesis that Ss would generally show greater nontask orienting behavior in the presence of an experimenter. Reversal trials confirmed these findings and also indicated a significant positive correlation between learning and glancing in the RC condition and a significant negative correlation between them in the IC condition. (Author/GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.