ERIC Number: ED071231
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Mental Elaboration and the Extension of Mediational Research: List Lengths Effects of Verbal Phenomena in the Mentally Retarded. Research Report #19.
Thurlow, Martha L.; Turnure, James E.
The relative effectiveness of three types of elaboration (sentences, semantic paragraphs, and syntactic paragraphs) on paired associate learning in 75 educable mentally retarded Ss was tested under list lengths of eight, 12, 16 and 24 pairs. For all lists except the eight pair list, the elaborators were found to be equally and highly effective as mediators for paired associate learning, with Ss responding correctly to an average of at least 60% of the items on the first trial in all treatment conditions. At the eight pair level, the semantic paragraph group was found to be superior in learning to the sentence group. Following their performance on the paired associate task, Ss were asked to recall the original form of the elaborators given during training. Data indicated that the large percentage of pairs correctly recalled during the first acquisition trial at all list lengths was related to the ability of the S to store the meaning of the elaborators rather than the ability to recall the exact form of the elaborator. Reviewed was literature on verbal mediation in the mentally retarded, verbal elaboration and paired associate learning, and extensions of verbal elaboration research. Stimulus response pairs and their verbal elaborators were presented in an appendix. (Author/GW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Research, Development, and Demonstration Center in Education of Handicapped Children.