ERIC Number: ED071212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship of Family Background Factors and Neurological Status to Hyperactivity in a Normal Class Setting.
Clarkson, Frank E.; Hayden, Benjamin S.
Boys, aged 6-10 in regular classes, who were judged as hyperactive by their teachers were compared with matched non-hyperkinetic boys in terms of family background information and neurological functioning. Parent interview data were obtained on 109 hyperkinetic and 135 control Ss, while 121 hyperkinetic and 142 control Ss underwent pediatric neurological examinations. Parent interview data gathered included medical history, prenatal experiences of mother, the S's infant and preschool behavior, and socioeconomic status (SES). Although significant differences between groups were found on the neurological examination, there was a relatively low absolute incidence of neurological pathology and it was of a diffuse nature, consisting primarily of soft signs. This was seen to suggest immature psycho-physiological status, or developmental lag. Low SES was associated with hyperactivity in older (8-10 year old) hyperactive Ss; disturbance in the family situation was present more often in hyperactive than in control S's families; low SES and high family disruption scores were related within the hyperkinetic group. Findings suggested that social and environmental factors become more relevant to hyperactive behavior as age increases. (KW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Honolulu, September, 1972