ERIC Number: ED071176
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Organizational Structure and Technology: A Computer Model Approach.
Traditional methods of studying organizations have made useful contributions to our understanding of the relationship between formal structure and technology, but they still need to be supplemented. Comparative analysis, for example, maintains a formal, empirical tradition but is conducted at a highly aggregative level. The "constituent" approach studies the linkages among organizational components, but its findings have not been subject to much formal testing. This paper advocates an approach that facilitates detailed intra-organizational analysis while permitting the formal testing of theory. The idea is to develop a heuristic computer model that can predict an organization's structural configuration -- given knowledge of the technological interrelationships. The deviations between the actual and the predicted configurations can then be analyzed to discover ways in which the model should be revised. An initial model is constructed using the ideas of J. D. Thompson, whose bomber wing example is used as a vehicle for comparing the model's predictions to an actual structure. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Milwaukee. School of Business Administration.