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ERIC Number: ED071020
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 156
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Use of the Cloze Procedure to Develop Comprehension Skill in the Intermediate Grades.
Rynders, Peter
To test the effectiveness of the cloze procedure for developing comprehension skills in reading at the intermediate level, 189 sixth graders were divided into small groups or asked to work independently during this reading program, which lasted five weeks. The materials were presented both as cloze materials and in unmutilated form, followed by questions. There were no direct instructions, and the students were trained to function in the treatment groups assigned them on the basis of their scores on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills. Analysis of the scores from the Gates-MacGinitie Reading Test revealed that the cloze materials were not significantly more effective than the more traditional comprehension questions. Also, discussion of responses to either the cloze items or the questions did not facilitate greater growth in reading comprehension. Neither did grouping appear to make a difference. However, the mean gain in comprehension skill, using the Gates-MacGinitie Norms, was equivalent to six months of instruction. Unless differences existed which were not detected by the Gates-MacGinitie norms, the various methods and materials used appear to be equally effective. (Author/HS)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-11,863, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Gates MacGinitie Reading Tests