ERIC Number: ED071010
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Strategy Development and Hypothesis Testing as a Function of an Individual's Cognitive Style. Final Report.
Davis, J. Kent
This study explores how an individual's cognitive style influences the development of a strategy in a concept identification task and how an individual tests his hypotheses in a concept learning set task. Subjects for the research were given the Hidden Figures Test as a means of identifying their cognitive styles. Half of the subjects were identified as being global, scoring one standard deviation below the mean, and half were analytic, scoring one standard deviation above the mean. A series of three experiments was conducted. In the first, subjects solved 80 conjunctive concept identification problems following a selection paradigm. In the second experiment the subjects were asked to solve a total of 24, your-trial learning set problems, while in the third they were given 24, 16-trial problems with intermittent reinforcement. All three experiments, in general, showed that analytic subjects solved more problems correctly and efficiently than did the global subjects; they clearly demonstrate that cognitive style is an important variable in concept learning. The results of these studies were discussed in relation to the body of knowledge concerning cognitive style and implications for future research and educational practice were identified. References are included. (Author/SES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.