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ERIC Number: ED071008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 212
Abstractor: N/A
The Responses of Counselors to Behaviors Associated with Independence and Achievement in Male and Female Clients.
Pringle, Marlene Bence
This study analyzes the effects of client sex, counselor sex, and client behavior on the responses of counselors during the initial stages of the counseling interview. Four client behavior situations are used: independent behavior; dependent behavior; high high achieving behavior; and low achieving behavior. Numerous significant differences were found between the responses of clients which were a function of the sex of the client, the sex of the counselor and the behavior of the client. It was found that when clients exhibited behavior which was sex-appropriate by traditional sex-role norms, male counselors tended to evaluate clients by the client's success in coping with the environment and female counselors tended to evaluate clients by the clients' feelings about themselves. When clients' behaviors were not sex-appropriate, male and female counselors reversed their orientations to the clients. Many significant differences between male and female counselors were found when comparing their responses to the dependent male client and to the high achieving female client. Findings suggest that male counselors are more supporting than female counselors of dependence and high achievement in clients and that female counselors reveal their values and act upon them more directly than do male counselors. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan