ERIC Number: ED070874
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Black-White Differences in the Development of Educational and Occupational Aspiration Levels.
Carter, T. Michael; And Others
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the causes of the apparent failure of black parents to pass their status advantages along to their children. The black-white differences in status transmission found by Duncan are discussed, explaining his findings by means of the Wisconsin model of status attainment. To explain the lesser dependence of the son's status on the father's status for blacks, it was hypothesized that this difference generally resided in the indirect effects of "significant others." A proportionate stratified random cluster sample of 1,166 white males and 287 black males who were Louisiana high school seniors utilized two dependent variables, those of educational and occupational aspirations, and three exogenous variables, those of the father's education, mother's education, and father's occupation. Intervening variables relating to educational encouragement, grades, and college plans were analyzed as "significant others" influences. Racial differences are inadequately explained by the Wisconsin model, because the hypothesis was not substantially verified by statistical analysis. Black aspiration levels appear unrealistically high when compared with those of whites, suggesting that black youths place less emphasis on the mechanisms of social constraints than do white youths. The Wisconsin model does not take this aspect into account. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge. Agricultural Experiment Station.; Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Presentation at the Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, August 1972)