ERIC Number: ED070796
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Nov-20
Reference Count: N/A
The Effectiveness of Manpower Training Programs: A Review of Research on the Impact on the Poor. Studies in Public Welfare, Paper Number 3.
Goldstein, Jon H.
This study reviews the evidence on the impact that manpower training programs have had on the earnings of the poor, in order to assess the likely success that greatly expanded training programs would have in reducing the amount of public assistance payments and the size of welfare roles. Between 1963 and 1971, the Federal Government obligated 6.8 billion dollars for training 6.1 million people. This study examines five of these programs: Manpower Development and Training Act (MDTA), Neighborhood Youth Corps (NYC), Job Corps, Job Opportunities in the Business Section (JOBS), and the Work Incentive Program (WIN). MDTA and NYC are the largest of the manpower training programs, and have been in operation the longest. MDTA offers a wide range of institutional and on-the-job instruction; it serves disadvantaged persons, although not exclusively. WIN treats only welfare recipients. NYC, JOBS, and Job Corps deal exclusively with disadvantaged persons, though each has its own structure and training methodology. JOBS is a private venture which is federally funded. The majority of Job Corps centers train youths at sites away from their home environment. NYC provides work experience, earnings, and training to high school students and dropouts, and encourages them to continue their education. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Cost Effectiveness, Economically Disadvantaged, Federal Programs, Job Development, Labor Force Development, Poverty Programs, Program Evaluation, Training, Welfare Recipients, Youth Programs
Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 ($.45)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Joint Economic Committee, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Manpower Development and Training Act